Parallel cables pinout and port info
- Parallel connector pin assignment
- Printer cable
- Interlink cable
- Windows 95/98/ME DCC
- Parallel test plugs
Standard parallel cables are easy to obtain, but the link cable and test connectors which are shown here can often be better soldered by yourself.
Parallel connector pinout
The parallel port socket on your computer uses 25 pins. On most peripherals like printers, the 36 pins Centronics version is used. Both connector pin-outs are shown here. The Centronics socket is named after the company that introduced the first dot matrix printer in 1970, but after IBM and Epson took over the dot matrix printer market (later followed by Hewlett Packard in the laser and Deskjet printer segment) most people only associate the word Centronics with the port interface itself, not with a manufacturer.
Parallel printer cable
Most printers are connected to a computer using a cable with a 25 pins DB male connector at one side and a 36 pins centronics connector on the other. The normal way to make such a cable is shown here.
|Line||DB 25 male
|Data bit 0||2||⇒||2|
|Data bit 1||3||⇒||3|
|Data bit 2||4||⇒||4|
|Data bit 3||5||⇒||5|
|Data bit 4||6||⇒||6|
|Data bit 5||7||⇒||7|
|Data bit 6||8||⇒||8|
|Data bit 7||9||⇒||9|
|Signal ground||19||⇔||19 + 20|
|Signal ground||20||⇔||21 + 22|
|Signal ground||21||⇔||23 + 24|
|Signal ground||22||⇔||25 + 26|
|Signal ground||24||⇔||28 + 29|
|Signal ground||25||⇔||16 + 30|
|Shield||Cover||⇔||Cover + 17|
Interlink and Windows 95/98/ME DCC parallel cable
The following parallel cable can be used with file transfer and network programs like LapLink and InterLink. The cable uses the parallel port which makes it possible to achieve higher throughput than with a serial connection at the same low costs. The cable is among others compatible with the following software.
- Laplink from Travelling software
- MS-DOS v 6.xx InterLink
- Windows 95, 98 and ME direct cable connection
- Norton Commander
- Norton Ghost
Because the parallel port on a computer was mainly designed to connect printers with one-way communication, a trick is used to achieve full two way data transfer between both sides. Five error and status message inputs are redefined as data inputs. Instead of reading full bytes, the communication software reads these five bits and combines multiple groups of data back to bytes. The sender and receiver have to use the same protocol to convert bytes to groups of 5 bits and vice versa.
|Connector 1||Connector 2||Description|
|2||15||Data bit 0||⇒||Error|
|3||13||Data bit 1||⇒||Select|
|4||12||Data bit 2||⇒||Paper Out|
|5||10||Data bit 3||⇒||Acknowledge|
|6||11||Data bit 4||⇒||Busy|
|10||5||Acknowledge||⇐||Data bit 3|
|11||6||Busy||⇐||Data bit 4|
|12||4||Paper Out||⇐||Data bit 2|
|13||3||Select||⇐||Data bit 1|
|15||2||Error||⇐||Data bit 0|
Parallel port test plugs
Both Norton Diagnostics and CheckIt have the ability to check the functionality of a parallel port. To do this, both software packages need a special plug on the port. Unfortunately, the pin layout of both connectors is not the same. The scheme of both sockets is given here.